Protein vs. Carbs - Everything You Need to Know About Them!

The Professor
The Professor
Gym Guru
protein vs carbs

Do you ever feel like no matter what you eat or how much you exercise you can’t see the results you want?

This might be due to a poor diet. You should continue reading this article if you want to find out why carbs and proteins are essential for your organism, what are the differences and which foods should be included in your diet.

 

What are Actually Proteins and Carbohydrates?

what are carbohydrates

Protein is an important component of every cell in the human body. It builds and repairs tissues, makes muscles, tendons, organs, skin, enzymes, hormones and neurotransmitter. Proteins are made up of hundreds of smaller units called Amino acids. It is essential to good health and building muscle mass. The human body needs relatively large amounts of protein. The right daily intake can boost your metabolism and strengthen your immune system. In addition, protein is a key part of muscle growth. To maintain your muscles or to build bigger muscles you have to add protein to your diet.

Carbohydrates provide the body with glucose, which is then converted to energy. It is proven that carbs are the body’s main source of energy. Your heart, brain and kidneys depend on the them. There are healthy and unhealthy carbs. That’s why the type of carbohydrates you choose in your diet is more important than the actual amount.

Both protein and carbs provide our bodies with calories or energy. To function properly, our organism needs them.

 

Insufficient Proteins or Carbs in Your Diet?

insufficient proteins or carbs

Deficiency is when your daily intake of protein or carbs doesn’t meet your body’s needs and requirements. Do you know what happens when your body doesn’t get what it needs?

Protein deficiency is something very rare, but there are still some people, who might be at risk. For example, vegetarians and vegans.

Low protein intake may cause muscle wasting and risk of bone fractures. In fact, it can have a negative effect on your entire body, including your blood. You may experience liver, skin, hair and nail problems.

Studies suggest that protein deficiency could lead to increased appetite and overeating.

Carbohydrates deficiency can be observed when your daily intake drops below 50 grams. If this happens, your body must replace somehow the carbs levels. It starts burning fatty acids and producing ketones to fuel your brain, organ and physical functions. This is also known as Ketosis. Ketosis is a metabolic state in which your body’s energy supply comes from ketone bodies instead of carbs.

You may feel tired, nauseous and even hungry if your diet is low on carbohydrates. Your metabolism will slow down, too.

 

  1. Foods High in Protein and Low in Carbohydrates

 

  • Meat
  • Seafood
  • Poultry 
  • Beans
  • Peas 
  • Eggs
  • Nuts
  • Seeds
  • Greek yogurt (casein and whey)
  • Cottage cheese
  • Edamame
  • Quinoa
  • Almond
  • Oats
  • Peanut butter

 

 

The quantity of protein and carbohydrates is different in all the above-mentioned foods. If your goal is to lose weight or to gain muscle, you have to choose your meal plan carefully. A proper diet with adequate amounts of all the essential nutrients is crucial for a healthy mind and body.

 

Are You Eating Too Much Protein or Carbs?

There is a recommended daily amount of protein and of carbohydrates both for men and women. People who exercise intensity or who want to gain weight can consume more than the recommended quantity.

But what happens when you are eating more than your body needs?

Bad breath, diarrhea, dehydration and increased cancer risk or kidney damage could be some of the consequences of eating too many protein-rich foods.

Eating carbohydrates in excess can lead to a decrease in cognitive functioning and to unstable blood sugar levels with lots of highs and lows.

In addition, to ensure your protein and carbs intake is not above or beneath the average daily amount, please, consult with a doctor.

 

What’s the Normal Daily Amount of Protein and Carbohydrates?

 

Protein: 56 grams for men and 46 grams for women

Carbs: between 225 and 325 grams

Daily protein and carbohydrate requirements vary from person to person by physical activity, body structure, weight, age and most of all the body goal they have.

You need to find the right amount to support your metabolism

 

Bottom line: Protein and Carbs are an integral part of a well-balanced and well-functioning body. Make sure to add them to your diet. They are key elements to a better and healthier life.

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